Because chronic obstructive airway diseases like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) increase individual susceptibility to the harmful effects of cigarettes, smoking cessation programs could strengthen their public health impact by targeting smokers with these conditions. We performed spatial analyses on data derived from the Electronic Health Records (EHRs) of 25,119 asthma, 3,323 COPD, and 3,620 ACO patients and a community-based health survey of 18,740 residents to identify regions in the Greater Philadelphia Area with a high density of current smokers among patients with obstructive airway diseases and the general population. We identified areas in North and West Philadelphia with high prevalence of current smokers across all patient groups and community members that should be prioritized in smoking cessation initiatives. Neighborhood deprivation, which was linked to patient data using residential geocodes, was associated with greater smoking prevalence in these regions.
Learning Objective: Analyses using Electronic Heath Record-derived data can be helpful in informing public health interventions, such as smoking cessation campaigns.
Sherrie Xie (Presenter)
University of Pennsylvania
Rebecca Hubbard, University of Pennsylvania
Blanca Himes, University of Pennsylvania